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Introduction Specimen Identifiers Informal Names Terminology Venation Tooth Types Taxa


Informal Names

For the Alaskan specimens morphotype 'names' are often used when assignment to a known genus and species is problematical. They are informal, but useful, ways or refering to leaf types and are based on a system that immediately conveys something about the leaf form.

Morphotype Identifiers

The unique numerical form identifiers are prefixed by alphabetic characters which indicate in broad terms the main features of the leaf architecture.  Many of the characters in Hickey's leaf classification scheme (1973, 1979) are correlated even in Cretaceous leaf forms.  For example many leaves possess entire margins, camptodrome venation and intersecondary veins; all features found associated in extant members of the Magnoliidae.  The Cretaceous angiospermous forms have therefore been partitioned into artificial groups that exhibit the same consistent character associations.  The codes used to identify these groups are derived from the architectural features they exhibit and in some cases modern subclass names.  The modern subclass names (broadly based on Takhtajan, 1969), are used not because of any supposed phylogenetic relationship, but merely because the general character combinations are readily comprehended from familiarity with the extant leaf forms.

F   Ferns    
E   Equisetites    
GG   Gymnosperm - Ginkgophyte    
GCO   Gymnosperm - Conifer    
GCY   Gymnosperm - Cycadophyte    
GU   Gymnosperm of unknown affinities    

Magnoliidae-like: camptodromous
entire margined with intersecondary veins but lacking any pectinal veins.

  Broadly equivalent to Laurophylls of Krassilov (1977).
MAPE   Magnoliidae-like: as above but with pectinal veins, usually acrodromous.  



Peltate or cordate leaves with numerous radiating pectinal veins

  Some are broadly equivalent to Nymphaeaphylls of
Krassilov (1977).

Trochodendroidean hamamelididaean-like cordate to ovate leaves usually with crenate (but maybe finely serrate to
entire) margins, acrodromous pectinal veins.

  Equivalent to Trochodendroides of Krassilov (1977).

Hamamelididaean-like leaves with Platanoid teeth and peltate bases.


Hamamelididaean-like leaves with Platanoid teeth and truncate to lobate bases

  Equivalent to Platanophylls of Krassilov (1977).

Hamamelididaean-like leaves with Platanoid teeth and decurrent bases.


Hamamelididaean-like leaves with
Spinose teeth and truncate or lobate bases.


Hamamelididaean-like leaves with
Spinose teeth and decurrent bases.

RO   Rosidaean-like leaves.  

Equivalent to Rosiphylls of Krassilov (1977).

DI   Dilleniidaean-like leaves.    

Dilleniidaean-like leaves with
pectinal veins.






Parentheses enclosing part or all of the prefix indicate uncertainty. U indicates the affinities are unknown.

If at any time it should be considered necessary to change the group to which a form is assigned it would be a simple matter to change the prefix while retaining the unique form number.  A change in this form number need only be made when the specimens comprising a form are all dispersed to other forms and the original form is abandoned.

In the Smiley collection a different system is used where an informal label is given to a specimen such as 'Conifer 18' or 'Conites 4'. These names were given by Smiley when he created his biostratigraphic scheme. We have retained these for historical continuity. Sometimes Smiley used a genus name as a temporary lable instead. Again, we have retained these. Note, however, that sometimes Smiley's genus names differ from those assigned by us with the benefit of direct access to comparative Russian specimens.